Indian restaurants are embedded in the culture and society UK so much that it’s difficult to differentiate the natives from the settlers. The magic of Indian style of cooking brought out the popularity of spicy taste in the UK.
This story started in the ’60s and ’70s by the Bangladeshi immigrants when they first opened Indian restaurants in the UK, yet a full-fledged initiation was in 1810 that is 200 years back. It was a Bengali traveler and a surgeon named by Sake Dean Mohammed, the coffee house was named as Hindoostane. The surgeon was an entrepreneur and a captain in the British East India Company. He became the first Indian to publish books in English.
The early British curries were mild slightly tasted with salt and herbs like coriander seeds, peppercorns. After the invasion of Indian restaurants in the UK, there has been a lot change in using spices, it’s in the 19th century when many restaurants offered Indian food but Sake Dean Mohammed was the first Indian ownership.
In the early of the 20th century, the sailors from Bangladesh opened small food courts for their own community members which soon became commercial in the 1940s. With the war, afterward many Bangladeshi came to London in 1971 and so the curry house industry bloomed.
Some of the restaurants established brought out a revolution in Indian dining by adding artifacts like music and menu making the Indian cuisine more appealing to everyone who shared it for the first time.
Late foreign secretary Robin Cook declared chicken tikka masala as the British National Dish in 2001. With these many praises and heart winning dishes London flourished with budding Indian restaurants until now when some factors influenced and caused the downfall and shut down of many restaurants in London.
From centuries till now 12000 restaurants might have popped out in the country, even in smallest villages. Previously the completion was with Chinese restaurants which were quite enough completion to sustain and grow. But now people are attracted to the chain stores of Pizzas and Nando’s that are spread very fast.
Recently some studies showed that the Mediterranean and Middle East food grew in popularity, in addition, Vietnamese cuisine and Canadian dish of poutine. Now a day’s people are excited to try something new and authentic, which is the reason why food lover flood any new opening with innovative dishes and tasty food. This is how the impact of these diverse food modifications and versatile dishes press down the small-scale Food industries or Indian restaurants.
Out of many reasons, one more is the packed foods. These packs make it to the customer for time-saving where the food is ready within minutes. This readymade food shows quite an impact on Indian food restaurants.
Mainly British public is largely aware of the food being served in the so-called Indian restaurants except some. The food offered is not related Indian but not tasting as such which brought out awareness in the public and mostly youngsters who are not even aware of the curries and food dishes of Indian cuisine. Whatever restaurants being run, are deemed to run on the middle-aged or old people who were well aware of the tastes of those cuisines.
There are versatile regions on the closing of curry houses in London. These curry houses employ 100000 and have annual sales of 4.2bn pounds. According to many high committee members, it was informed about the closure of restaurants and some struggling hard to survive. This came in as the problem because by opening no. of restaurant in the very street which conclude in crisis and drastically shutdowns.
The menu in the curry house is the rich heritage of Indian dishes revoking Indian History. In the 1960s there was a lot of immigration to work in textiles and car factories and that is the reason why many people saw their dreams.
Including chefs and many more customers who valued the freedom of life and they need not guide six or seven staff to fulfill the food consistent. Non- Bangladeshis’ were reluctant to work in the kitchens so he hired EASTERN Europeans who also did not stick and moved on. This was said by Khan the vice-president of Bangladeshi caters Association (BCA).
The main reason for these falls in the curry Industry in British is due to the shortage of chefs and the workforce. Indian foods need specific skills to cook them and not just some professional to complete the dishes. Now, the existing restaurants are paying a hike in amount for their chefs to flourish the Indian cuisine.
There is total blame on the British Governments policy on immigration which crushed the curry industry. The norms set by the government to get eligibility in the visa are:
- Minimum 35000 to 29,750 pounds salary should be provided to the chefs
- With accommodation and food.
So these restrictions to recruit a chef from outside EU is becoming very difficult and many restaurants are closing down on a weekly basis as they can’t afford that much salaries for the chefs.
Tier 2 visa system:
- It is a visa a skilled worker is required to enter into the UK.
- Before they apply to two Tier visa one should have a job offer and Tier 2 certificate of sponsorship from a UK employer and Tier 2 sponsorship license.
- The vacancy advertisement must be offered to the UK workers before it can be given to an immigrant.
- The controlling of immigrants from Europe is to be fully filled by the Tier 2 visa as South Asians that is INDIAN AND BANGLADESHI are more promptly issued the Tier 2 visas.
This lead to mass closure of curry houses all over the UK as obtaining a Tier 2 visa is difficult that lead to fall in recruiter the chefs from outside EU and vice versa it’s hard to get a Tier 2 sponsorship license by the employer.
All these UK immigration rules have brought out the shutdown of restaurants even though BCA held a campaign for a leave note on the point based system.
Point based system:
- A Tier 2 visa applicant must score 70 points on the visa test
- Ten points for the maintenance and ten for English proficiency
- Only A-rated sponsors have the chance to get automatically ten points for their employees under the maintenance.
Many restaurants that are 90% of Indian restaurants are owned by the Bangladeshi’s and it is becoming difficult to get a Tier 2 visa.
The Brexit campaign lied to get votes which are totally reverse of the promising made by this campaign. The reason is clear to everyone who wishes to see how the UK immigration visa impacted the recruitment from Bangladesh and India to fill the vacancies. This kind of situation leads to a drastic closure of Bangladesh and Indian restaurants in the UK.