Finland is a Northern European nation bordering Sweden, Norway, and Russia. Its capital, Helsinki, occupies a peninsula and surrounding islands in the Baltic Sea. Helsinki is home to the 18th-century sea fortress Suomenlinna, the fashionable Design District, and diverse museums. The Northern Lights can be seen from the country’s Arctic Lapland province, a vast wilderness with national parks and ski resorts.
A labor shortage is affecting a growing number of occupations in Finland, according to the Ministry of Employment and the Economy. Its latest occupational barometer identified a total of 40 occupations as occupations with a pressing shortage of job seekers, representing an increase of 16 from the previous year.
Greater Helsinki, meanwhile, has a shortage of a total of 48 professionals with civil engineers, construction supervisors and house builders at the top of the list.
The Ministry of Employment and the Economy highlights in a press release that the list of occupations with the greatest demand for job seekers has diversified with the addition of electrical engineers and mechanical engineering technicians.
Throughout Finland, the most sought-after professionals are hearing specialists and speech therapists, construction workers, construction engineers, nurses and healthcare workers, social workers, daycare teachers, senior physicians and specialist doctors, sales representatives, general practitioners as well as dentists.
On the other side of the coin, there is currently an oversupply of general secretaries, tailors, dressmakers, furriers, hat makers, departmental and management secretaries, graphics and multimedia designers, advertising and marketing specialists, furniture carpenters, IT installers and repairers, joiner machinists and journalists.
In Finland, labor shortages are increasingly felt. According to analysts, in the Finnish labor market, various service personnel, warehouse workers, salespeople, cleaners and drivers have become particularly scarce. Shortages of workers force enterprises to raise salaries for new vacancies.
The cause of the growing labor shortage in Finland is economic growth, which is accompanied by the emergence of many new jobs. Today, about half of Finnish employers have difficulty filling vacancies.
According to analysts, it is becoming increasingly common practice to offer new employees a higher salary than those who are already working. So Finnish companies are trying to fight for new staff. For example, Lidl, a large retail chain of stores, recently conducted a large-scale campaign to recruit new employees who were offered salaries 10% higher than those in the current collective labor contract of the company. In order to interest applicants, the Lidl network pointed out newly increased salary rates directly on billboards, which is not a typical strategy for attracting staff in Finland.
But even such an intense advertising campaign did not help Lidl fully satisfy its demand for new employees. According to Lauri Sipponen, a representative of the company, only one new Lidl logistics center in the city of Järvenpää needs another 300 staff. Also, employees are needed in the head office and numerous units.
In 2014, 31,510 people migrated to Finland and 16,020 emigrated. Around 75% of all immigrants are of working age, and many bring small children with them. The number of foreigners living permanently in Finland in 2014 was around 220,000 (approx. 4% of the total population); the four biggest groups being Estonians (48,354), Russians (30,619), Swedes (8,228) and Chinese (7,559). Net immigration in 2014 was 16,020 persons.
So What does Finland have to offer workers from abroad? Why is it worth coming to Finland?
“Finland can offer good, high-quality working conditions, employees have a secure status, children and adolescents enjoy good educational opportunities, public services run smoothly and we have many successful, internationally respected companies,” Oinonen states.
However, if your move to Finland is based on employment, then you need to have a job before you can apply for a residence permit. Generally speaking, foreigners must apply for a residence permit at the Finnish embassy in their home countries.
Finland a country of Expat Destinations At the beginning of 2016, foreign nationals made up around 12% of Helsinki’s population, making Finland’s capital an extremely popular choice for expats. Work, study, and family are the primary motives that bring expats to Finland. Other than the Greater Helsinki Area, popular expat destinations are Tampere and Oulu.
If you are a citizen of one of the European countries mentioned above and intend on staying in Finland for the long-term, then you need to register your right of residence at your local police during the first three months of your stay.
If you are from other countries would like to migrate to Finland, want to live, study and work there you must have to apply the following type of Visa’s at your Home country.
There are several different residence permits available and which one you should apply for depends on the reason for your move to Finland.
The following types of residence permits are available in Finland:
- Self-Employed Person
- Au pair
- Working holiday
Other types of work that require a residence permit
- Asylum seeker
- Stable intimate relationship
Generally speaking, foreigners must apply for a residence permit at the Finnish embassy in their home countries. However, if you happen to find a job while visiting Finland on a tourist visa, it is possible to submit your application directly in Finland at a local police service point. The Finnish Immigration Service will then process it.
If you are in business, in your home country, want to invest and settle in Finland, you can register your company in Finland, rent office, warehouse, shop and can settle with your family easily.
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